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518彩英语时文赏读(131):喝了酒千万别吃榴莲!

  Thai Man Dies After Deadly Combination of Durian and Alcohol

  一名泰国男子死于榴莲和酒精的致命组合

  A man from Thailand died after mixing durian and wine together despite warnings from his friends.

  泰国一名男子不顾朋友劝阻,在喝酒时食用榴莲而不幸丧命。

  The man’s body was found at a bus stop on August 14 at around 6:30 a.m. near Pattaya, Thailand with a bottle of alcohol and the fruit, according to The Star. Authorities estimated that he had been dead for five hours.

  据《星报》报道,这名男子的尸体于8月14日上午6点30分左右在泰国芭提雅附近一个公交车站处被发现,尸体附近有一瓶酒和水果榴莲。当局估计其已经死了5个小时。

  The man’s friends and colleagues said he bought a durian and wine to consume them while waiting for the bus to arrive. However, his friends protested and told him that it was a deadly combination.

  这名男子的朋友和同事表示,在等公交的时候他买了榴莲和酒来吃喝消遣。他的朋友表示反对并告诉他喝酒的时候吃榴莲会严重危害身体健康。

  He ignored the warning and reportedly told them, “I’m a local, I’m not afraid.”

  据报道,,这名男子无视警告,并告诉他们:“我是当地人,我不怕”。

  Mixing alcohol with durian is believed to have fatal consequences. Although there is no scientific evidence to prove this claim, there might still be some truth behind the popular belief.

  榴莲和酒的搭配据信会产生致命的后果。尽管没有科学依据来证明这一点,但在这种广为人知的说法背后可能存在着一些事实。

  A scientist named John S. Maninang conducted an experiment in 2009 showing the potential negative effects of the combination.

  2009年,一位名叫约翰·S·马尼南的科学家进行了相关试验,试验显示了这种搭配所可能产生的不良影响。

  The sulfur-rich contents found in durian can knock out the enzyme that helps turn a harmful toxic chemical compound into harmless forms.

  人体内含有可将有毒有害化合物无害分解的生物酶,而榴莲果肉中富含硫,会破坏这种酶。

  As explained by Georgetown Pharmacy, the enzyme called Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH) from the liver turns alcohol into a toxic compound called acetaldehyde. As a result, the liver would produce another enzyme called Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALDH2). The latter helps turn the toxic compound into harmless forms, such as fatty acids and carbon dioxide (CO2).

  乔治敦制药公司解释道,这种产生于肝脏的酶叫做乙醇脱氢酶(ADH),可将酒精转化为一种叫做乙醛的有毒化合物。而肝脏会相应产生另一种叫做醛脱氢酶(ALDH2)的酶。后者有助于将这种有毒化合物转化为脂肪酸和二氧化碳等无害物质。

  However, the sulfuric contents in durian negate ALDH2, which would then allow acetaldehyde to travel freely in the bloodstream and everywhere else in the body. It can cause severe headaches, vomiting, low blood pressure, and in serious cases, death.

  但榴莲的含硫果肉会使醛脱氢酶失效,这种情况下乙醛会毫无阻碍地在血流和全身畅行。如此一来就有可能会导致严重的头痛、呕吐、低血压,在严重的情况下甚至会导致死亡。

  (全文共279个词)

  重难点词汇:

  durian  n. 榴莲果;榴莲树

  enzyme  n. 酶

  compound  n. 化合物;混合物 adj. 复合的;混合的 v. 合成;混合;恶化,加重;和解,妥协

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